Firstly, both are types of oriental rugs, a term used to refer to all hand-knotted high-quality rugs made in Persia, Turkey, China, India, Pakistan, Tibet, Nepal, and Egypt, among other big exporters.
Secondly, both represent some ancient historical backgrounds dating as early as 5th Century BCE.
Thirdly, unlike other types of rugs, these two have a higher value and quality, which makes them more expensive and highly unique than their counterparts.
Finally, all authentic and traditional Persian and Turkish rugs are handmade from natural fiber materials like silk and wool, which explains why they are highly expensive and durable.
Check out these detailed guide on Persian rugs to learn the following:
- What are the types of Persian rugs?
- What is so special about Persian, Turkish and oriental rugs?
- What are the different types of oriental rugs?
You can also check the guides below on how to:
- To vacuum and clean delicate antique Persian rugs
- Remove smells from Persian rugs
- Remove wrinkles, folds, and creases on Persian rugs
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TURKISH AND PERSIAN RUGS? 4 DISTINCTIVE FEATURES
1. Country of Origin
Turkish rugs are made in Turkey while Persian rugs made in Persia. In 1935 Persia changed its name to Iran as it’s presently known today.
2. Knotting Technique
Persian rugs use a single knot technique while Turkish rugs use a double knot technique.
Almost all Turkish rugs are created using the double knot method, but the same cannot be said about all Persian rugs.
Some rugs classified as Persian rugs were made using the double knot technique. For example, most Persian rugs made in the Northern and North-Western parts of Iran use a double knot strategy because the weavers are nomads from Turkey, hence the reason why they use the double knot method.
Those rugs are later classified as Persian rugs because all rugs produced in Persian were either named after the cities, villages or tribes they were created at as explained in this types of Persian rugs guide.
3. Source Inspiration
Persian rugs mostly convey information about legends and nature. That is why it’s common to see birds, animals, and flowers in Persian rug designs and patterns.
On the other hand, Turkish rugs mostly express the religious and spiritual beliefs or real-life experiences of their weavers. This is the reason why most Turkish rugs are known for the use of motifs in their designs and patterns. For instance, most Turkish rugs have a Tree of Life motif, which signifies a Turkish elder prominent in their Muslim religion.
4. Design and Pattern
Turkish rugs have a geometric design that is straight and sharp. A double knotting technique helps the weaver to achieve geometric design. I mentioned that Turkish rugs mostly use motifs, which explains why their models represent puzzles and mysteries to be solved. In short, Turkish rugs have so many symbolic meanings conveyed by the motifs and the geometric design.
On the other hand, Persian rugs have a rounded design featuring a medallion design with floral or nature-inspired patterns. A single knot technique allows the weaver the flexibility of creating elegant round designs without any limitations. This makes Persian rugs have a more oriental design making them look like they were made for palaces and other beautiful/loyal spaces.
HOW CAN YOU TELL IF A RUG IS PERSIAN?
WHY ARE TURKISH AND PERSIAN RUGS SO EXPENSIVE?
Below are some of the features which make any oriental rug so valuable and expensive:
- Time: It might take months or even years to complete handmade oriental rugs depending on the size. The more time it takes, the more expensive it becomes.
- Material: Most oriental rugs use natural fiber materials, such as silk and wool, which are scarce, and it takes lots of effort and time to turn them into fibers which can build rugs.
- Age: Most oriental rugs represent the ancient and historical history of the country they are made in making them more valuable.
- Knot count: The higher the knots the more expensive the Oriental rug becomes.